Nero

[Anti-Semitic precedents in the policies of early Roman emperors.]

Suetonius:
Lives of Twelve Caesars
[Augustus] treated with great respect such foreign rites as were ancient and well established, but held the rest in contempt. For example, having been initiated at Athens and afterwards sitting in judgment of a case at Rome involving the privileges of the priests of Attic Ceres, in which certain matters of secrecy were brought up, he dismissed his counsellors and the throng of bystanders and heard the disputants in private. But on the other hand he not only omitted to make a slight detour to visit Apis, when he was travelling through Egypt, but highly commended his grandson Gaius for not offering prayers at Jerusalem as he passed by Judaea.

Suetonius:
[Tiberius] abolished foreign cults, especially the Egyptian and the Jewish rites, compelling all who were addicted to such superstitions to burn their religious vestments and all their paraphernalia. Those of the Jews who were of military age he assigned to provinces of less healthy climate, ostensibly to serve in the army; the others of that same race or of similar beliefs he banished from the city, on pain of slavery for life if they did not obey.

✝Orosius:
The Jews were killed in a riot that had broken out in Alexandria and driven from the city. They sent a certain Philo, undoubtedly one of the most learned men of his time, as an envoy to Caesar to lay their grievances before him. But Caligula, since he hated all mankind, and especially the Jews, ignored Philo’s embassy and commanded that all the Jews’ holy places and, above all, the famous sanctuary at Jerusalem be profaned by the gentiles’ sacrifices, be filled with statues and idols, and that he himself be worshipped as a god there.

Diodorus Siculus:
Historical Library
Antiochus, therefore, abhorring this their [the Jews’] contrariety to all other nations, used his utmost endeavour to abrogate their laws. In order to effect this, he sacrificed a large hog at the image of Moses and at the altar of God that stood in the outward court, and sprinkled them with the blood of the sacrifice. He commanded likewise that the sacred books, whereby they were taught to hate all other nations, should be sprinkled with the broth made of the hog’s flesh. And he extinguished the lamp called by them immortal, which was continually burning in the temple. Lastly, he compelled the high priest and the other Jews to eat swine’s flesh.
✡1 Maccabees 1:41 LXX
Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should be one people,
✡Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin 39a
The Gemara relates: The emperor said to Rabbi Tanḥum: Come, let us all be one people. Rabbi Tanḥum said: Very well. But we, who are circumcised, cannot become uncircumcised as you are; you all circumcise yourselves and become like us.

Suetonius:
Since the Jews constantly made disturbances at nthe instigation of Chrestus, [Claudius] expelled them from Rome.

[The anti-Semitic disposition is suddenly reversed with Nero’s rule. Overlooked by the mainstream narrative is the testimony of Philostratus. The implication is that Nero was originally a liberal leaning emperor, which is acknowledged by the mainstream narrative, but they then tack on his later despotism as a counterweight.]

Philostratus:
The Life of Apollonius
“What then,” said the emperor, “did you think of the reign of Nero?”
And Apollonius answered: “Nero perhaps understood how to tune a lyre, but he disgraced the empire both by letting the strings go too slack and by drawing them too tight.”

Hitler, Table Talk (Cameron & Stevens), April 11, 1942:

Slacken the reins of authority, give more liberty to the individual, and you are driving the people along the road to decadence.

Philostratus:
The fact is, Nero restored the liberties of Hellas with a wisdom and moderation quite alien to his character; and the cities regained their Doric and Attic characteristics, and a general rejuvenescence accompanied the institution among them of a peace and harmony such as not even ancient Hellas ever enjoyed.
Vespasian, however, on his arrival in the country took away her liberty, alleging their factiousness with other pretexts hardly justifying such extreme severity.

Apollonius:
The Life of Apollonius: Letter to Emperor Vespasian
“You have, they say, enslaved Hellas, and you imagine you have excelled
Xerxes. You are mistaken. You have only fallen below Nero. For the latter held our liberties in his hand and respected them. Farewell.”

[When Nero realized his mistake, he resorted to the severe measures for which he became known for. Owing to the brevity of reports on his early reign, we are immediately introduced to his wartime personality.]

Hitler, May 4, 1923 speech:
Even the ancient republics with their rigid conception of the state were ruled by a dictator in times of national emergency. When the lives of nations are at risk, national and provincial parliaments are useless; only giants can save the nation.
Rochus Misch:
The Old Campaigners told me that the warlord Hitler was a quite different personality to the pre-war Hitler.

Philostratus:
“What then,” said the emperor, “did you think of the reign of Nero?”
And Apollonius answered: “Nero perhaps understood how to tune a lyre, but he disgraced the empire both by letting the strings go too slack and by drawing them too tight.”

Suetonius:
During [Nero’s] reign many abuses were severely punished and put down, and no fewer new laws were made: a limit was set to expenditures; the public banquets were confined to a distribution of food; the sale of any kind of cooked viands in the taverns was forbidden, with the exception of pulse and vegetables, whereas before every sort of dainty was exposed for sale.

Suetonius:
He put an end to the diversions of the chariot drivers, who from immunity of long standing claimed the right of ranging at large and amusing themselves by cheating and robbing the people. The pantomimic actors and their partisans were banished from the city.

Suetonius:
It was in his reign that a protection against forgers was first devised, by having no tablets signed that were not bored with holes through which a cord was thrice passed.

Qualifications for leadership

1. Healthy body in a healthy mind

Hitler, Memoirs of a Confidant, p.g. 142-143:
First of all, they require a healthy body! It is the precondition within which a healthy mind can develop.
Suetonius:
[Nero’s] health was good, for though indulging in every kind of riotous excess, he was ill but three times in all during the fourteen years of his reign.

2. Harmonious upbringing

Memoirs of a Confidant, p.g. 143:
And the second point is that someone who is expected to do original, creative work must have been raised in an atmosphere of harmony. Where young children are compelled to watch as their parents constantly bicker, insult each other, and even cheat on each other, there even a young person cannot grow up with the inner harmony required to bring about the balance of the evil and good urges that lie dormant in every human being.
Suetonius:
Turning therefore to poetry, [Nero] wrote verses with eagerness and without labour, and did not, as some think, publish the work of others as his own. I have had in my possession note-books and papers with some well-known verses of his, written with his own hand and in such wise that it was perfectly evident that they were not copied or taken down from dictation, but worked out exactly as one writes when thinking and creating; so many instances were there of words erased or struck through and written above the lines.

3. Racial purity

Hitler, Memoirs of a Confidant, p.g. 143:
The third point is that a person must be racially flawless. Let him be Germanic, or Roman, or Chinese, or a Jew, or an Indian, or a Negro, and so on. I respect all equally. We can work with and count on all of them. Each has his established traits.

Suetonius:
[Nero] was about the average height, his body marked with spots and malodorous, his hair light blond, his features regular rather than attractive, his eyes blue and somewhat weak, his neck over thick, his belly prominent, and his legs very slender.
Hitler, Table Talk (Cameron & Stevens), July 11-12, 1941:
The Romans had no dislike of the Germans. This is shown by the mere fact that blond hair was fashionable with them. Amongst the Goths there were many men with dark hair.

[Not to say that the blond, blue-eyed feature which has been caricatured in the mainstream media applies today, but it was certainly present in antiquity. Since the racial aspect was acknowledged in Suetonius’ day, he found it necessary to undermine Nero’s ancestry, as an explanation for his misdeeds.]

Suetonius:
It seems to me worthwhile to give an account of several members of this family, to show more clearly that though Nero degenerated from the good qualities of his ancestors, he yet reproduced the vices of each of them, as if transmitted to him by natural inheritance.

[He begins by ascribing cowardice to Nero’s great-grandfather’s grandfather.]

Suetonius:
To begin then somewhat far back, his great-grandfather’s grandfather, Gnaeus Domitius [Ahenobarbus (consul 96 BC)], when tribune of the commons. . . . He was a man of no great resolution, though he had a violent temper, and when he once attempted to kill himself in a fit of despair and terror, he so shrank from the thought of death that he changed his mind and vomited up the poison, conferring freedom on his physician, since, knowing his master, he had purposely given him what was not a fatal dose.

[At the very least, Ahenobarbus was not passive and stood against the democratic equality complex.]

Suetonius:
When Gnaeus Pompeius brought forward the question of the treatment of those who were neutral and sided with neither party, he alone was for regarding them as hostile.

Laurency (wm9):
4Anyone who remains neutral in a war between the enemies of freedom and the defenders of freedom has condemned himself to slavery of some sort in future incarnations.
Laurency (L3e18):
12These neutrals are as much a hindrance to evolution as the ones actively combating it. They say they support altruism in theory, but they do nothing for evolution. . . .
13The neutrals side with the enemy, whether they want to see it or not. . . . The aggressive ones regard neutrality as a justification for them.

[Next Suetonius represents Ahenobarbus’ son as putting his love affairs before the nation’s interests.]

Suetonius:
[Ahenobarbus] left a son [Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 54 BC)], who was beyond all question better than the rest of the family. . . . When the civil strife was subsequently renewed, and he was appointed one of Antony’s lieutenants, he did not venture, owing to a sudden attack of illness, to accept the chief command when it was offered by those who were ashamed of Cleopatra, nor yet positively to decline it; but he went over to Augustus and a few days later died. Even he did not escape with an unblemished reputation, for Antony openly declared that he had changed sides from desire for the company of his mistress, Servilia Nais.

[As a corollary, the Duke of Windsor and former King of Britain Edward VIII chose Wallis Simpson over the throne. In Germany, his decision was much respected (despite being unfavorable to Germany’s interests) and they were justly treated as royalty whereas the British royal family refused to acknowledge the Duchess.]

Suetonius:
[Lucius] was the father of the Domitius [Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC)] who was later well known from being named in Augustus’ will as the purchaser of his goods and chattels, a man no less famous in his youth for his skill in driving than he was later for winning the insignia of a triumph in the war in Germany.

[]

Suetonius:
[Domitius] had by the elder Antonia a son Domitius [Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 32 AD)] who became the father of Nero, a man hateful in every walk of life;

[]

4. Humanistic training

Hitler, The Artist Within the Warlord, p.g. 199-200:
Translated by Wilhelm Kriessmann, Ph.D and Carolyn Yeager
[Hans-Ulrich Rudel] should participate in all my sorrows and hopes–not only of military affairs. Rudel’s humanistic education is a favorable qualification for further tasks.

[]

5. Musical attunement

Rosenberg (Memoirs):
In 1925, when [Hitler] asked me to take over the management of the Folkish Observer, he also discussed Ludendorff’s dabbling in politics during the past year. He claimed that Ludendorff had to fail politically because he was unmusical. He, on the other hand, as a musically sensitive person, understood men better, and also would be better able to lead them.
Suetonius:
Having gained some knowledge of music in addition to the rest of his early education, as soon as [Nero] became emperor he sent for Terpnus, the greatest master of the lyre in those days, and after listening to him sing after dinner for many successive days until late at night, he little by little began to practise himself, neglecting none of the exercises which artists of that kind are in the habit of following, to preserve or strengthen their voices.

Hitler, Table Talk (Cameron & Stevens), July 21-22, 1941:
Despite their weaknesses, the Italians have so many qualities that make us like them. . . . The Italian people’s musical sense, its liking for harmonious proportions, the beauty of its race!

Hitler (attributed):
Mussolini is a typical representative of our Alpine race which, in everything it does, has its eye on eternity.
Suetonius:
[Nero] had a longing for immortality and undying fame, though it was ill-regulated.

Destruction of Rome

Hitler, Table Talk (Cameron & Stevens), October 25, 1941:
If the Bolsheviks had dominion over us for two hundred years, what works of our past would be handed on to posterity? Our great men would fall into oblivion, or else they’d be presented to future generations as criminals and bandits. I don’t believe at all in the truth of certain mental pictures that many people have of the Roman emperors. I’m sure that Nero didn’t set fire to Rome. It was the Christian-Bolsheviks who did that, just as the Commune set fire to Paris in 1871 and the Communists set fire to the Reichstag in 1932.
Robert Ley:
Jewish historical writing, or better historical falsification, presents the Roman emperors Nero and Caligula as beasts who slaughtered and persecuted Christians. Actually, they were anti-Semites who persecuted the Jews, not the Christians, because they saw them as a danger to the existence of the Roman Empire. Nero did not burn Rome down, as history records, but rather he let the Jewish ghetto burn down.

Suetonius:
[Nero] utterly despised all cults, with the sole exception of that of the Syrian God [Atargatis],

[In what followed, Suetonius portrayed Nero as someone who basically inclined towards soothsayers and astrologers. The unreliability of Suetonius is demonstrated sufficiently by his frequent inclusion of the prevailing Roman superstitions and gossip. In fact, he is an exemplary model.]

Laurency ():
Modern education, based on the inductive method, overloads the memory with an infinitude of superfluous details that are useless in life or even hostile to life and that leave the young in the lurch when they are to judge things.
Hitler, Table Talk (Cameron & Stevens), March 3, 1942:
It’s better to awaken men’s instinct for beauty. That was what the Greeks considered the essential thing.

Philostratus:
Nero was opposed to philosophy, because he suspected its devotees to be addicted to magic, and of being diviners in disguise; and at last the philosopher’s mantle brought its wearers before the law courts, as if it were a mere cloak of the divining art.

[But at the very least, unlike moralists of our times, Suetonius bothered to extensively report on Nero’s merits and even refuted certain misconceptions.]

Suetonius:
I have brought together these acts of his, some of which are beyond criticism, while others are even deserving of no slight praise, to separate them from his shameful and criminal deeds, of which I shall proceed now to give an account.

[To put it succinctly, Suetonius systematically contaminated his own work, neutralizing whatever good he could have achieved.]

Apollonius:
The Life of Apollonius
For there are two kinds of tyrants; the one kind put their victims to death without trial, the other after they have been brought before a court of law. The former kind resemble the more passionate and prompt of wild beasts, the other kind resemble the gentle and more lethargic ones.
That both kinds are cruel is clear to everybody who takes Nero as an example of the impetuous disposition which does not trouble about legal forms, Tiberius, on the other hand of the tardy and lurking nature; for the former destroyed his victims before they had any suspicion of what was coming, and the other after he had tortured them with long drawn-out terror.
For myself I consider those crueler who make a pretense of legal trial, and of getting a verdict pronounced in accordance with the laws; for in reality they set them at defiance, and bring in the same verdict as they would have done without any real trial, giving the name of law to the mere postponement of their own spleen.

Mein Kampf:
In regard to the part played by humane feeling, Moltke said that in time of war the essential thing is to get a decision as quickly as possible and that the most ruthless methods of fighting are, at the same time, the most humane.

Suetonius (revised):
Lives of Twelve Caesars
Punishment was inflicted on the Chrestians, a class of men given to a new and mischievous superstition.
Tacitus (revised):
Annals
Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Chrestians by the populace. Chrestus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Nero at the hands of one of our procurators, Porcius Festus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judæa, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their centre and become popular.

Seneca:
Augustine, The City of God
When, meanwhile, the customs of that most accursed nation have gained such strength that they have been now received in all lands, the conquered have given laws to the conquerors. . . . For those, however, know the cause of their rites, whilst the greater part of the people know not why they perform theirs.
Julian:
Letter to the High-priest Theodorus
For I saw that those whose minds were turned to the doctrines of the Jewish religion are so ardent in their belief that they would choose to die for it, and to endure utter want and starvation rather than taste pork or any animal that has been strangled or had the life squeezed out of it; whereas we are in such a state of apathy about religious matters that we have forgotten the customs of our forefathers, and therefore we actually do not know whether any such rule has ever been prescribed.
Luther:
The Jews and Their Lies
With their accursed usury they hold us and our property captive. Moreover, they mock and deride us because we work and let them play the role of lazy squires at our expense and in our land. Thus they are our masters and we are their servants, with our property, our sweat, and our labor.

Tacitus:
Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon their information, an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind. Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flames and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired.
Suetonius:
[Nero] scrupled not to charge them with the act of burning Rome; and he satiated his fury against them by such outrages as are unexampled in history. They were covered with the skins of wild beasts, and torn by dogs; were crucified, and set on fire, that they might serve for lights in the night-time.

[The reprisals during the reign of Trajan represent an explosion of Jewish wrath and resentment against the Roman people.]

Cassius Dio:
Roman History
Meanwhile the Jews in the region of Cyrene had put one Andreas at their head and were destroying both the Romans and the Greeks. They would cook their flesh, make belts for themselves of their entrails, anoint themselves with their blood, and wear their skins for clothing. Many they sawed in two, from the head downwards. Others they would give to wild beasts and force still others to fight as gladiators.

WIP –

Philostratus:
[Apollonius] confronted one who was master both of sea and land, at a time when his tyranny was harsh and bitter; and he took his stand against the tyrant in behalf of the welfare of the subjects, with the same spirit of purpose as he had taken his stand against Nero.
Some may think that [Apollonius’] attitude towards Nero was a mere bit of skirmishing, because he did not come to close quarters with him, but merely undermined his despotism by his encouragement of Vindex, and the terror with which he inspired Tigellinus.
And there are certain braggarts here who foster the tale that it required no great courage to assail a man like Nero who led the life of a female harpist or flautist. But what, I would ask, have they to say about Domitian?

[The implication is that moralistic contemporaries were demanding Apollonius to participate in the denigration of Nero’s legacy, just as there are people today who call out historians, politicians, and writers for not disparaging Hitler enough or for saying anything positive about him.]

Orosius:
Then violent rebellions among the Jews broke out simultaneously in various parts of the world. The Jews acted as if turned into mad savages. Throughout Libya they waged pitiless war against the inhabitants and caused great desolation by killing the tillers of the soil.

Orosius:
So merciless were they that if the emperor Hadrian had not afterward colonized the country with people from without, the land would have remained absolutely destitute and entirely without inhabitants. They disturbed all Egypt, Cyrene, and the Thebaid by sedition and bloodshed. In Alexandria, however, the Jews were defeated and crushed in a pitched battle. When they also rebelled in Mesopotamia, the emperor ordered war to be declared against them; many thousands of them were exterminated in a vast carnage. It is true that they did destroy Salamis, a city of Cyprus, after they had killed all the inhabitants.

Cassius Dio:
Even under these conditions many captives were taken, among them Bargiora, the commander of the enemy: he was the only one punished in the course of the triumphal celebration.
Diodorus Siculus:
Historical Library
But the king being generous and of a mild disposition, received hostages and pardoned the Jews. He demolished, however, the walls of Jerusalem, and took the tribute that was due.
Philostratus:
After Titus had taken Jerusalem, and when the country all round was filled with corpses, the neighboring races offered him a crown; but he disclaimed any such honor to himself, saying that it was not himself that had accomplished this exploit, but that he had merely lent his arms to God, who had so manifested his wrath; and Apollonius praised his action, for therein he displayed a great deal of judgment and understanding of things human and divine, and it showed great moderation on his part that he refused to be crowned because he had shed blood.
✝Orosius:
Hadrian ruled his country with the justest of laws and waged war on, and defeated, the Sauromatae. He also finally exterminated and subdued the Jews, who, roused by troubles caused by their own crimes, were at that time laying waste to the province of Palestine which had once belonged to them. In this way, Hadrian avenged the Christians whom the Jews, under their leader Cocheba, had tortured because they would not join them in opposing Rome. The emperor decreed that no Jew be allowed to enter Jerusalem and that only Christians be permitted in the city. He rebuilt its walls to their former glory and named it Aelia after his own name.

Orosius:
At the same time an earthquake laid low four cities in Asia, Elaea, Myrina, Pitane, and Cyme, and in Greece, the two cities of the Opuntii and the Oriti. This same earthquake demolished three cities of Galatia. Lightning struck and burned the Pantheon at Rome, while at Antioch an earthquake laid almost the entire city in ruins.

[Perhaps the natural disasters were intended as relief for their victims…]

Recommended Reading:

[Caution: Alt-Right blog]

http://semiticcontroversies.blogspot.com/2012/05/younger-seneca-great-fire-of-rome-and_08.html
http://semiticcontroversies.blogspot.com/2012/05/cassius-dio-on-jews-part-ii.html
http://semiticcontroversies.blogspot.com/2015/01/how-jews-and-not-christians-started.html